Purpose of the Database

The purpose of this database is to provide quantitative data about various trends in the field, so as to provide users with some empirical evidence about these trends, particularly with regard to: (a) the extent to which trends are actually being employed in various setting (K–12, higher education, and business and industry) and (b) the attitudes expressed by various groups about the benefits and challenges of the various trends. In addition to accessing this information, users can add content to the database.


How to Use the Database

Our team has identified a large number of trends / innovations that are currently being employed in the field of instructional design and technology. The Homepage displays the trends in alphabetical order. Clicking on a trend displays all data that is associated with the selected trend. Visitors are then able to examine each of these pieces of data.

Additionally, a Search function is located at the far left of the database pages that allows for more targeted searches of the database’s holdings. Visitors may filter searches by Trends, Settings, Year, and Categories of information.


The Trends dropdown option provides another method for exploring the various trends that comprise the database.


Filtering by Settings yields search results pertaining to specified occupational settings, including K–12, business and industry, and higher education.


The Year dropdown option enables users to narrow their search to data that was published in a particular year or range of years.

Categories of information

The Categories of information option gives users the opportunity to focus on specific types of information in the database. The categories into which the data are organized consist of the following:

Attitudes / Benefits / Challenges

Resources within this category provide data regarding user attitudes towards various trends, or data regarding user perceptions of the benefits and challenges associated with those trends.


Resources within this category contain definitions of various trends.

Usage: Anticipated

Resources within this category provide data regarding user opinions as to the future use of various trends.

Usage: Current and Past

Resources within this category provide data regarding the extent to which trends are being, or have been, employed in various settings.


Resources that fall outside the scope of the categories listed above are cataloged here.


Origins of the Database

The Trends in Instructional Design and Technology Database started in 2013. At that time, the project was an effort by a team of three to collect published data on the extent to which various trends / innovations in the instructional design and technology field were employed. In late 2015, Weinan Zhao, one of the team members, designed and developed a prototype of a database to store and easily access the ever-growing collection of data.  Since early 2016, we have used this database to store, organize, and retrieve a great deal of data, and we have added a variety of new features to the database so as to facilitate its use. We have also added additional team members to help us undertake an increasing number of project-related tasks.  We hope that you will find this database to be a useful tool and that you will help us in our data collection efforts.


Our Team

Dr. Robert A. Reiser is the Associate Dean for Research, a University Distinguished Teaching Professor and the Robert M. Morgan Professor of Instructional Systems in the College of Education, Florida State University. 
Dr. Weinan Zhao is an Assistant Professor of Educational Technology at Olivet University.
Dr. Fabrizio Fornara is the Assistant Director of the Center for the Advancement of Teaching, Florida State University.
Dr. T. Logan Arrington is an Assistant Professor of Instructional Technology in the College of Education, University of West Georgia.
Dr. Alison L. Moore is an Educational Design Researcher with Pearson, having previous instructional design experience in both higher education and industry settings.